Friday, January 15, 2010

Tourism in India

India is famous for its wide range of tourist destinations. Thousands of foreigners visit India every year. Tourism can be considered the heart of Indian economy. These tourist destinations include: the Great Himalayas in the north, Hills of Kashmir, the southern hills etc.
                                               
Himalayan Mountains plays an important role in the Tourism of India. The Himalayan Mountains are the highest and, with the possible exception of Andes, the most impressive and majestic mountains in the world. The south facing wall of the Himalayas extends 1500 miles southeastward from the Afghanistan border and curves around the head of the Assam valley on the border of northeastern India, the mountains continuing southward into Burma. Most of the Himalaya Mountains lie outside India. The Himalayas bend sharply to the south around the head of the Assam valley to form the Namkiu Mountains, which include the Patkai Hills, the Naga Hills, the Barail range and the Lushai Hills. Most of the foreigners are attracted towards this.

Climate also plays some important role in the Tourism of India. India has a warm climate dominated by the seasonal winds known as monsoons, but because of its size, relief, extremes of elevation, and relation to the oceans, it has many local variations of temperature and rainfall. Most of peninsular India has warm temperature with the coolest month, January. Tourists mostly visit India during the hot summer season, which extends from March to June.


Tourists are also attracted to ancient monuments like Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Golden Temple, and Sun Temple etc. This is just a few among the beautiful artifacts in India.


Taj Mahal, at Agra, in north central India, is the crowning jewel of Indo-Islamic architecture. A mughal ruler, Shah Jahan, built the monument as a tomb for his beloved wife, Arjumand Banu, popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal. In 1631, she died. The construction of the tomb, begun the next year, employed nearly 20,000 workmen. It took nearly 20 years to complete.

The tomb lies on the bank of Jumna River. Design for the tomb was submitted by the leading architects of Mughal Empire. On both the exterior and interior, the structural core is covered with white marble decorated with designs inlaid in precious stones. The structure seems to mirror the mood of the skies: at sunset the marbles assumes a rosy hue.
                                            
Taj Mahal can be considered as the beautiful monument ever built by man. Because of these facts, it is still one among the Seven Wonders of the World. And its stands tall, as a trademark of Indian pride.
                                           
Goa, Kerala and Kashmir are the main tourist destination. Economy of these three states has a great importance on tourism.
                                          
Goa is a former Portuguese colony on the Malabar Coast of western India. It is bounded on the north by the Terakhul River, which separates it from the Ratnagiri District of Maharashtra. The Belgaum District of Karnataka forms the north-eastern boundary and the Arabian Sea on the west. 
                                                                             Kerala is another state which lies on the western coast. Its natural beauty is known throughout the world. Thousands of tourists visit Kerala every year. Tourists are attracted mainly towards the ride on houseboats on different lakes. The largest of which is known as Ashtamudi Lake. Because of its culture and natural beauty Kerala is known as God’s own country.
                                            
These facts make India a tourist destination and thousands of them visit my country every year. To know more about my country, visit my country………………………………

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